Hukuncin Shan Giya A Muslunci


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BAYAN HADDIN FARKO HUKUNCIN KISA KAN HAU KAN MASHAYIN GIYA

Ita Giya haramun ne shanta, kuma ita ce uwar dukkan wani aiki na laifi, domin in an sha ta za ta iya haifar da aikata kowanne irin aiki na sabo. Saboda haka ake yin bulala ga wanda yasha, idan ya maimaita kuma a kashe shi don gudun yawaita fasadi a doron qasa.

Sai dai kuma dole ayi karatu don gudun haduwa da masu kawo shubuha don hana zartar da hukuncin kamar yadda ya faru a tarihin magabata.

Bari muyi amfani da riwayoyi uku kan wannan mas'ala don sanin haqiqanin hukuncin shanta da kuma shubuhar da za a iya kawowa.

๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ๐Ÿ‘‡๐Ÿพ

(1)- ุงู„ุฃู…ุงู„ูŠ ู„ู„ุดูŠุฎ ุงู„ุทูˆุณูŠ ุนَู†ِ ุงุจْู†ِ ู…َุฎْู„َุฏٍ ุนَู†ْ ุฌَุนْูَุฑِ ุจْู†ِ ู…ُุญَู…َّุฏِ ุจْู†ِ ู†ُุตَูŠْุฑٍ ุนَู†ْ ู…ُุญَู…َّุฏِ ุจْู†ِ ุฅِุจْุฑَุงู‡ِูŠู…َ ุจْู†ِ ุฒِูŠَุงุฏٍ ุนَู†ْ ุณَู‡ْู„ِ ุจْู†ِ ุฒَู†ْุฌَู„َุฉَ ุนَู†ِ ุงู„ุตَّุจَّุงุญِ ุจْู†ِ ู…ُุญَุงุฑِุจٍ ุนَู†ْ ุฏَุงูˆُุฏَ ุงู„ْุฃَูˆْุฏِูŠِّ ุนَู†ْ ุณِู…َุงูƒٍ ุนَู†ْ ุฎَุงู„ِุฏِ ุจْู†ِ ุฌَุฑِูŠุฑٍ ู‚َุงู„َ ู‚َุงู„َ ุฑَุณُูˆู„ُ ุงู„ู„َّู‡ِ ุต‏ ุฅِุฐَุง ุดَุฑِุจَ ุงู„ْุฎَู…ْุฑَ ูَุงุฌْู„ِุฏُูˆู‡ُ ูˆَ ุฅِู†ْ ุนَุงุฏَ ูَุงู‚ْุชُู„ُูˆู‡ُ‏.

Ya zo cikin Amali na Sheikh 'Dusi daga Ibn Mukhladi, daga Ja'afar Bn Muhammad Bn Nadjrin, daga Muhammad Bn Ibrahim Bn Ziyaadin, daga Sahl Bn Zanjalata, daga Sabbaahi Bn Muhaaribi, daga Dawuda Al-Audiyyi, daga Simaak daga Khaalid Bn Jareer yace: Manzon Allah (S.A.W.W) yace;

" IDAN (mutum) YA SHA GIYA KUYI MASA BULALA, IDAN KUMA YA MAIMAITA KU KASHE SHI !"

ุฃู…ุงู„ูŠ ุงู„ุทูˆุณูŠّ ุฌ 2 ุต 8.

(2)- ุงู„ุฅุฑุดุงุฏ ุฌَุงุกَ ู…ِู†ْ ุทَุฑِูŠู‚ِ ุงู„ْุนَุงู…َّุฉِ ูˆَ ุงู„ْุฎَุงุตَّุฉِ ุฃَู†َّ ู‚ُุฏَุงู…َุฉَ ุจْู†َ ู…َุธْุนُูˆู†ٍ ุดَุฑِุจَ ุงู„ْุฎَู…ْุฑَ ูَุฃَุฑَุงุฏَ ุนُู…َุฑُ ุฃَู†ْ ูŠَุญُุฏَّู‡ُ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ู„َู‡ُ ู‚ُุฏَุงู…َุฉُ ู„َุง ูŠَุฌِุจُ ุนَู„َูŠَّ ุงู„ْุญَุฏُّ ู„ِุฃَู†َّ ุงู„ู„َّู‡َ ุชَุนَุงู„َู‰ ูŠَู‚ُูˆู„ُ‏ ู„َูŠْุณَ ุนَู„َู‰ ุงู„َّุฐِูŠู†َ ุขู…َู†ُูˆุง ูˆَ ุนَู…ِู„ُูˆุง ุงู„ุตَّุงู„ِุญุงุชِ ุฌُู†ุงุญٌ ูِูŠู…ุง ุทَุนِู…ُูˆุง ุฅِุฐุง ู…َุง ุงุชَّู‚َูˆْุง ูˆَ ุขู…َู†ُูˆุง ูˆَ ุนَู…ِู„ُูˆุง ุงู„ุตَّุงู„ِุญุงุชِ‏[25] ูَุฏَุฑَุฃَ ุนُู…َุฑُ ุนَู†ْู‡ُ ุงู„ْุญَุฏَّ ูَุจَู„َุบَ ุฐَู„ِูƒَ ุฃَู…ِูŠุฑَ ุงู„ْู…ُุคْู…ِู†ِูŠู†َ ุน ูَู…َุดَู‰ ุฅِู„َู‰ ุนُู…َุฑَ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ู„َู‡ُ ู„ِู…َ ุชَุฑَูƒْุชَ ุฅِู‚َุงู…َุฉَ ุงู„ْุญَุฏِّ ุนَู„َู‰ ู‚ُุฏَุงู…َุฉَ ูِูŠ ุดُุฑْุจِ ุงู„ْุฎَู…ْุฑِ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ุฅِู†َّู‡ُ ุชَู„َุง ุนَู„َูŠَّ ุงู„ْุขูŠَุฉَ ูˆَ ุชَู„َุงู‡َุง ุนُู…َุฑُ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ู„َู‡ُ ุฃَู…ِูŠุฑُ ุงู„ْู…ُุคْู…ِู†ِูŠู†َ ุน ู„َูŠْุณَ ู‚ُุฏَุงู…َุฉُ ู…ِู†ْ ุฃَู‡ْู„ِ ู‡َุฐِู‡ِ ุงู„ْุขูŠَุฉِ ูˆَ ู„َุง ู…َู†ْ ุณَู„َูƒَ ุณَุจِูŠู„َู‡ُ ูِูŠ ุงุฑْุชِูƒَุงุจِ ู…َ ุญَุฑَّู…َ ุงู„ู„َّู‡ُ ุฅِู†َّ ุงู„َّุฐِูŠู†َ ุขู…َู†ُูˆุง ูˆَ ุนَู…ِู„ُูˆุง ุงู„ุตَّุงู„ِุญَุงุชِ ู„َุง ูŠَุณْุชَุญِู„ُّูˆู†َ ุญَุฑَุงู…ุงً ูَุงุฑْุฏُุฏْ ู‚ُุฏَุงู…َุฉَ ูˆَ ุงุณْุชَุชِุจْู‡ُ ู…ِู…َّุง ู‚َุงู„َ ูَุฅِู†ْ ุชَุงุจَ ูَุฃَู‚ِู…ْ ุนَู„َูŠْู‡ِ ุงู„ْุญَุฏَّ ูˆَ ุฅِู†ْ ู„َู…ْ ูŠَุชُุจْ ูَุงู‚ْุชُู„ْู‡ُ ูَู‚َุฏْ ุฎَุฑَุฌَ ุนَู†ِ ุงู„ْู…ِู„َّุฉِ ูَุงุณْุชَูŠْู‚َุธَ ุนُู…َุฑُ ู„ِุฐَู„ِูƒَ ูˆَ ุนَุฑَّูَ ู‚ُุฏَุงู…َุฉَ ุงู„ْุฎَุจَุฑَ ูَุฃَุธْู‡َุฑَ ุงู„ุชَّูˆْุจَุฉَ ูˆَ ุงู„ْุฅِู‚ْู„َุงุนَ ูَุฃَุฏْุฑَุฃَ ุนُู…َุฑُ ุนَู†ْู‡ُ ุงู„ْู‚َุชْู„َ ูˆَ ู„َู…ْ ูŠَุฏْุฑِ ูƒَูŠْูَ ูŠَุญُุฏُّู‡ُ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ู„ِุฃَู…ِูŠุฑِ ุงู„ْู…ُุคْู…ِู†ِูŠู†َ ุน ุฃَุดِุฑْ ุนَู„َูŠَّ ูِูŠ ุญَุฏِّู‡ِ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ุญَุฏُّู‡ُ ุซَู…َุงู†ُูˆู†َ ุฅِู†َّ ุดَุงุฑِุจَ ุงู„ْุฎَู…ْุฑِ ุฅِุฐَุง ุดَุฑِุจَู‡َุง ุณَูƒِุฑَ ูˆَ ุฅِุฐَุง ุณَูƒِุฑَ ู‡َุฐَู‰ ูˆَ ุฅِุฐَุง ู‡َุฐَู‰ ุงูْุชَุฑَู‰ ูَุฌَู„َุฏَู‡ُ ุนُู…َุฑُ ุซَู…َุงู†ِูŠู†َ ูˆَ ุตَุงุฑَ ุฅِู„َู‰ ู‚َูˆْู„ِู‡ِ ุน ูِูŠ ุฐَู„ِูƒَ‏."

Cikin Irshaad, yazo ta hanyoyin jama'a da kuma kebe cewa; Lalle Qudaamata Bn Maz'uun ya sha Giya, sai Umar yayi nufin yi masa bulala, sai Qudaamata yace masa:

" Ai haddi bai hau kaina ba, domin kuwa Allah madaukaki na cewa: " BABU LAIFI AKAN WADANDA SU KAYI IMANI KUMA AUKA AIKATA KYAKKYAWA CIKIN ABINDA SUKA CI MATUQAR DAI SUNYI TAQAWA KUMA SU KAYI IMANI KUMA SUKA AIKATA KYAKKYAWA."

Sai Umar ya tunkude yi masa haddi, sai labari ya riski shugaban muminai Ali (A.S), sai ya tafi zuwa ga Umar yace masa:

" ME YASA KABAR YIN HADDI AKAN QUDAAMATA GAME DA SHAN GIYA ? Sai yace:

" Ai ya karanta min aya ce. " Sai Umar din ya karantota. Sai shugaban muminai Ali (A.S) yace:

"AI QUDAAMATA BA YA DAGA CIKIN AHLIN WANNAN AYA, KUMA BA WANDA YA RIQI TAFARKINSA CIKIN ABINDA ALLAH YA HARAMTA. LALLE WADANDA SU KAYI IMANI KUMA SU KAYI KYAKKYAWAN AIKI BA SA HALATTA HARAM. KA DAWO DA QUDAAMATA KACE YA TUBA DAGA ABINDA YA FADA. IDAN YA TUBA SAI KA ZARTAR MASA DA HADDI, IDAN KUMA BAI TUBA BA, TO, KA KASHE SHI DOMIN YA FICE DAGA TAFARKI."

Sai Umar ya farka saboda haka, ya sanarwa Qudaamata labarin, sai ya bayyanar da tubansa da kuma nadamarsa. Sai Umar yabar yi masa hukuncin kisa, amma kuma bai san yadda zai yi masa haddi (na bulalar ba), sai ya cewa shugaban muminai (A.S)!

 " Ka nuna min yadda zanyi masa haddin." Sai yace:

" HADDINSA SHINE BULALA 80, DOMIN SHI MASHAYIN GIYA IDAN YA SHA TA YA KANYI MAYE, KUMA IDAN YAYI MAYE YAKAN FADI MAGANA CIKIN RASHIN HAYYACINSA (he will be out of sense), KUMA IDAN YA FITA DAGA HAYYACINSA YAKAN QIRQIRI (kowanne irin abu)."

Sai Umar yayi masa bulala 80, kuma ya cigaba da wannan magana ta shugaban muminai."

ุฅุฑุดุงุฏ ุงู„ู…ููŠุฏ ุต 95.

(3)- ุงู„ู…ู†ุงู‚ุจ ู„ุงุจู† ุดู‡ุฑุขุดูˆุจ ุฑَูˆَุชِ ุงู„ْุฎَุงุตَّุฉُ ูˆَ ุงู„ْุนَุงู…َّุฉُ ุฃَู†َّ ุฃَุจَุง ุจَูƒْุฑٍ 

ุฃَุฑَุงุฏَ ุฃَู†ْ ูŠُู‚ِูŠู…َ ุงู„ْุญَุฏَّ ุนَู„َู‰ ุฑَุฌُู„ٍ ุดَุฑِุจَ ุงู„ْุฎَู…ْุฑَ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ุงู„ุฑَّุฌُู„ُ ุฅِู†ِّูŠ ุดَุฑِุจْุชُู‡َุง ูˆَ ู„َุง ุนِู„ْู…َ ู„ِูŠ ุจِุชَุญْุฑِูŠู…ِู‡َุง ูَุฃُุฑْุชِุฌَ ุนَู„َูŠْู‡ِ ูَุฃَุฑْุณَู„َ ุฅِู„َู‰ ุนَู„ِูŠٍّ ุน ูŠَุณْุฃَู„ُู‡ُ ุนَู†ْ ุฐَู„ِูƒَ ูَู‚َุงู„َ ู…ُุฑْ ู†َู‚ِูŠุจَูŠْู†ِ ู…ِู†ْ ุฑِุฌَุงู„ِ ุงู„ْู…ُุณْู„ِู…ِูŠู†َ ูŠَุทُูˆูَุงู†ِ ุจِู‡ِ ุนَู„َู‰ ู…َุฌَุงู„ِุณِ ุงู„ْู…ُู‡َุงุฌِุฑِูŠู†َ ูˆَ ุงู„ْุฃَู†ْุตَุงุฑِ ูˆَ ูŠَู†ْุดُุฏَุงู†ِู‡ِู…ْ ู‡َู„ْ ูِูŠู‡ِู…ْ ุฃَุญَุฏٌ ุชَู„َุง ุนَู„َูŠْู‡ِ ุขูŠَุฉَ ุงู„ุชَّุญْุฑِูŠู…ِ ุฃَูˆْ ุฃَุฎْุจَุฑَู‡ُ ุนَู†ْ ุฑَุณُูˆู„ِ ุงู„ู„َّู‡ِ ุต ูَุฅِู†ْ ุดَู‡ِุฏَ ุจِุฐَู„ِูƒَ ุฑَุฌُู„َุงู†ِ ู…ِู†ْู‡ُู…ْ ูَุฃَู‚ِู…ِ ุงู„ْุญَุฏَّ ุนَู„َูŠْู‡ِ ูˆَ ุฅِู†ْ ู„َู…ْ ูŠَุดْู‡َุฏْ ุจِุฐَู„ِูƒَ ูَุงุณْุชَุชِุจْู‡ُ ูˆَ ุฎَู„ِّ ุณَุจِูŠู„َู‡ُ ูَูƒَุงู†َ ุงู„ุฑَّุฌُู„ُ ุตَุงุฏِู‚ุงً ูِูŠ ู…َู‚َุงู„ِู‡ِ ูَุฎَู„َّู‰ ุณَุจِูŠู„َู‡ُ‏[38].

Ya zo cikin Manaqib na Ibn Shahr Ashub daga mutane kadan da ma masu yawa cewa; 

Lalle Abubakar yayi nufin zartar da haddi kan wani mutum wanda yasha Giya, sai mutumin yace:

" Lalle ni na sha ta amma bani da wani ilimi kan hanin da akayi a kanta. Sai abin ya sarqaqe masa (wato Abubakar ya kasa sanin hukuncin zartarwa), sai ya aika zuwa ga Aliyu (A.S) yana tambayarsa game da haka. Sai yace:

" KA UMARCI WASU DANGI GUDA BIYU DAGA CIKIN MUTANE MUSULMAI SU KEWAYA DASHI AKAN GURAREN ZAMAN MUHAJIRAI DA ANSAR SUNA HADA SU DA ALLAH. SHIN CIKINSU AKWAI WANDA YA TABA KARANTA MASA AYAR HARAMCIN (shan giya) KO KUMA WANDA YA BA SHI LABARI DAGA MANZON ALLAH (S.A.W.W)? IDAN KUWA BA A SANAR DANI HAKAN BA, TO, A KARBI TUBANSA KUMA YA KAMA HANYARSA, YA KASANCE MUTUM MAI GASKIYA CIKIN MAGANAR TASA, SAI YA KAMA GABANSA."

(1) ุงู„ุชู‡ุฐูŠุจ ุฌ 10 ุต 90. ูˆ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุงููŠ ุฌ 7 ุต 215 ูˆ 214

Wannan shine hukuncin wanda yasha giya, sai dai ba wai kawai ana zartar masa da hukunci bane don an sami shaidun da suka shaida cewa ya sha giya, a'a, dole sai an tuhume shi game da sanin wannan hukunci na haramci.

Yanzu da za a sami wanda ba musulmi ba ya muslimta sai kuma yasha gida daga baya, to, ko da shari'ar muslimci ake yi a qasar ba za a zartar masa da hukunci ba, dole sai an tabbatar da cewa ya san shan giya haramun ne.

Daga wakilanmu na Bauchi zone.

Tare da Ado Isah Guda.

       (08137925034)

29th December, 2021/ 24th Jimada-Ulah, 1443.

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